Baldness is commonly referred as the loss of hair from the Head. It can refer to general hair loss or hair loss in men specifically. Baldness can have many reasons including fungal infections and nutritional deficiencies such as iron.
Baldness is now no more important than a nightmare because UK scientists have achieved a significant success in this regard. They revealed a technique that uses a patient’s own cells to grow new hair rather than just distributing hair from one part of the scalp to another. They discovered cloning method of tiny cells which play the role of guides for new hair growth. For the first time in the world this experiment has shown that if the cells enriched in laboratory are put back to the human skin they can yield new hair growth. Although this work is still at an early stage, however, the scientists of University of Durham (UK) and Columbia University of New York stated that this research would be a big “breakthrough” in hair loss treatment.
The problem of baldness is worrying millions of men and women throughout the world. At present baldness is being treated by two methods. One is through medicines and other via hair-transplant. However, medicines have their own side-effects while in hair-transplant the existing hairs are redistributed. But in this new technique the real number of hair increases on the head. Dr. Angela Christiano, the medical researcher at Columbia University, said that this new research would bring revolutionary progress in hair loss treatment. The research team started their work by taking tiny cells from the braids (ponytails) of human hair, which are known as Dermal Papillae. These cells are found in the form of bunches at the bottom of the hair and they signal the new hair to grow. Scientists then cloned these cells in the laboratory until a number of duplicates of each cell were produced.
Previously many scientists have tried this type of experiments but they could not succeed. Indeed when they placed the laboratory grown cells back into the skin of the head, the hair did not grow from those cells. Now UK and American scientists avoid this hitch by turning over the cell-growing dish so as to make a pile of cells and let them grow and develop naturally. These piles of cells are then transplanted into the human skin of the head. In these hair growing experiments, laboratory mice were also transplanted with these cells on their back and these cells gave impulses to hair to grow out from that particular spot.
Although the newly grown hairs were white in color, a researcher from the Durham University declared the possibility of colored hairs in the future. The researcher added that before using this development as treatment to baldness, several technical barriers have to be removed. Presently it is hard to estimate the exact cost for this treatment but it is expected that it will be a couple of times less in cost to the Hair Transplant.
“Current hair-loss medications tend to slow the loss of hair follicles or potentially stimulate the growth of existing hairs, but they do not create new hair follicles.”
“This new method, in contrast, has the potential to actually grow new follicles using the patient’s own cells.”